Since April 2014 I have been campaigning with a growing number of people for a Greater London National Park City. The initiative is building momentum quickly and we are planning to publish a full proposal for the Park this June.
Understandably there are many questions. The most common of which are around definition, planning, administration and power.
Q. Can a city really be a national park?
A. No… According to the current definition a landscape must be open country. We are proposing a new kind of national park called a National Park City. The purpose of a National Park City would be very similar to rural national parks, but it would be managed in a way that would be appropriate for an urban environment and population. We are proposing that the Greater London National Park City would sit outside of current legislation and so would not have a legal designation.
Q. Would a London National Park have additional planning or statutory powers, like in rural national parks?
A. No, that’s not what we are proposing.
Q. If it does not have any statutory powers, how can it protect London’s natural heritage?
A. According to the IUCN a protected area is a “clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values”. Rural national parks are well known for their planning policies and powers, but a National Park City would not need these powers to be effective. Greater London already has an (in)affective patchwork of protected areas, many of which are older than national parks themselves. This legal protection provides a good foundation, but I am proposing that a National Park City would focus its attention on “other effective means” to achieve the long-term enhancement of nature in the city. In practice this would mean inspiring, informing and supporting Londoners to learn about and take action to improve London’s natural heritage where and when they have the time, energy and agency to do so. This would be done by working in close partnership with the organisations that are already doing incredible work across Greater London.
The IUCN currently has six categories for protected areas that classify them according to their management objectives. Cities are understandably excluded from this list of wild, remote and pristine places. They should have a seventh category for aspirational urban areas that are working not only to protect natural heritage, but to enhance and rewild it too. This would not only raise the game in cities, but act as an urban gateway to inspire future generations to care about conservation in more distant and inaccessible places.
These are just a few of the questions that will be explored at Reimagine London: What if we made London a National Park? at Southbank on February 24th 2015.
After 10 days of walking up stairs in London’s blocks of flats, skyscrapers, offices, train stations, car parks and shopping centres I have ascended the equivalent height of Mount Everest. In all I counted 52,252 steps up, putting my slightly above Everest’s 8,848m (29,029ft) peak. According to my Fitbit (that was measuring my cumulative elevation change while walking) over the 10 days I walked up 3,306 floors or 33,060 feet, the cruising height of many commercial flights.
Many thanks to Ordnance Survey for the building elevation mapping that underpinned my planning and for the Step Up Mountain calculator. Thanks too to David and Hilary (my parents) for helping to plan my routes and get permissions to access key buildings. Finally, thank you to all of the people who have given me access to so many incredible and interesting buildings over the last few days. Without your help my walk would not have been possible.
I will be writing a more detailed post that will include some of my reflections and photographs in the very near future. Until then, I hope you enjoy this short video that London Live made about the #StepUpMountain challenge / London Skyline Expedition.
I have set myself the challenge to step up to the height of Mount Everest (8848 metres / 29,035 feet) without leaving London. I plan to do this by exploring London’s skyscrapers and high-rise buildings over 10 consecutive days. I love going on adventures in London and am excited to start this big challenge.
My challenge starts on Monday (8th September) and I would love for you to join me…
The #StepUpMountain challenge is something that we can all do. Without leaving your home, office, school, neighbourhood or city you can ascend the equivalent of Ben Nevis in a day, week or month. You could aim to hike the height of Snowdon by avoiding lifts or aim to climb the height of Everest collaboratively as a team. Simply accumulate over 2,000ft (609m) and you will have stepped up to the height of the mountain.
Ordnance Survey have been helping me to plan and prepare for my #StepUpMountain challenge in London. As well as providing my with important location data and mapping, they have created us all this great calculator. Simply type in the number of steps you have taken… or plan to take… and it will tell you what you could have walked the height of. It also shows how many more steps you need to take to reach higher points. For more details on the calculator see the Ordnance Survey blog.
This is a great tool for schools and I do hope lots of young explorers join in.
Over the walk I am going to face a number of challenges. I worried about my feet for starters, but luckily the urban environment means that I will be able to wear some very comfy trainers. The number of shops nearby will mean that I can easily get food and water during the day too.
While the city may keep my energy levels fuelled, it has been very hard to get permission to access buildings. I have a few thousand feet pre-planned, but I am going to have to blag around 200 floors of elevation a day – which is going to be hard… very hard.
Technically I also need to keep track of my accumulated height. I’ll be using Ordnance Survey’s Locate App, a Garmin GPS, Fitbit and my ability to count to keep track of my progress.
My biggest challenge is my level of fitness. I’ve not tried to walk the height of Everest from sea level before… so we’ll see how it goes.
You can keep track of me and join in on Twitter using #StepUpMountain.
I hope you are up for joining in.
You don’t have to go to the ends of the Earth to go on an extraordinary journey.
This September I will ascend the height of a mountain by walking up stairwells in buildings. Mountain’s are anything over 2,000 feet (610 metres) in height. As most floors in buildings are 10 feet apart, this means walking up 200 floors.
For the Step Up Skyline Expedition I am challenging myself to walk the height of Mount Everest (29,029ft) by exploring London’s tallest buildings. This is a creative way to explore London’s skyline and I am looking forward to meeting people who live and work in London’s highrise communities. The walk is going to give me an entirely new perspective on London not only because of the tall vantage points, but the experience of trying to gain access to so many different kinds of buildings.
I am doing this expedition from September 8th with the support of Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s mapping authority. They are helping me find the buildings to climb, routes to take and places to explore. This geographic information is at the very heart of all the planning that we are doing. They’ve also whipped up this great mapping tool. Type in the number of steps that you have climbed and the calculator will show you on a map the name of a hill or mountain that you have ascended the equivalent height of.
You can do your own Step Up Challenge by walking the height of a mountain and you don’t even have to leave your home or school, all you need is a good staircase.
Take part by:
- walking 1 floor every day for 200 days,
- walking the height as a team. 200 people could walk 1 floor once, or
- walking the height of a named mountain.
You could walk the height of:
- Slieve Donard (850m), the highest mountain in Northern Ireland,
- Scafell Pike (912m), the highest mountain in England,
- Snowdon (1085m), the highest mountain in Wales,
- Ben Nevis (1344m), the highest mountain in Scotland, or
- something even higher!
Please connect with me on Twitter @DanRavenEllison if you are planning on doing your own Step Up Challenge during the week beginning September 8th. I would love to hear from you. We will be tweeting using the hashtag #StepUpMountain.
Following my blog post last November (What if… London was a National Park?) the Greater London National Park* website was launched at the start of last month. The website both mirrors official UK National Park websites and makes the case for London becoming the world’s first National Park City, a new kind of national park.
In the 43 days since, the provocative *Notional Park has been gathering supporters and building momentum. 37 organisations are Friends of the Greater London National Park* and this number increases each day. Since the project began, nearly 350 people have signed our petition to the Mayor of London. The plan is to submit the petition to the Mayor’s office in 2015.
To my surprise the Mayor’s office replied to the petition last week.
Thank you for signing the Change.org petition about turning London into the world’s first urban National Park.
The Mayor welcomes the call for more recognition of the importance and value of London’s parks, green spaces and natural environment. He commends the campaign organisers for their inventiveness in raising awareness of this issue by calling for a Greater London National Park. The idea of a ‘National Park’ is an engaging way of sparking debate.
However, he cannot support a proposal to create a formal National Park as he understands that the evaluation framework for determining potential National Parks effectively excludes large urban areas. Furthermore, he does not have powers to ‘create’ a new class of urban National Park.
Nevertheless, the Mayor, through his London Plan policy and programmes to improve London’s park and green spaces, is providing a leadership role on this issue. In particular he has produced the All London Green Grid framework which, amongst other things, is fostering sub-regional partnerships such as the Wandle Valley Regional Park. These sub-regional partnerships have objectives consistent with those being promoted by the Greater London National Park campaign and are endorsed by London Plan policy and supported through Mayoral programmes. In addition, the All London Green Grid partnership brings together representatives from the boroughs, other land managers and environmental NGOs to ensure a more strategic, integrated approach to the management and maintenance of London’s green infrastructure.
Thank you again for contacting the Mayor.
Public Liaison Unit
Greater London Authority”
I find this response highly encouraging.
We celebrate the inspired work that is already being done across the capital and see the All London Green Grid as a fantastic framework from which a Greater London National Park would work. The potential, though, is to create a unit, department, authority or association with the power to do much more than this across a wide range of sectors, just like national parks do elsewhere in the UK.
The Mayor’s office only really gives one reason why they cannot support the idea.
“He [the Mayor] does not have powers to ‘create’ a new class of urban National Park.”
I don’t think this is right.
To be designated as a National Park by Natural England, the Park would have to meet certain (highly subjective) criteria and meet both the 1949 National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act and the 1995 Environment Act. In an international context, it would also need to be recognised by the IUCN who have their own Protected Areas Category System.
But we are not calling for London to become a traditional National Park. Being defined in the same way as traditional, remote and rural National Parks would devalue the importance of wilder parts of the planet that need to be thought about and managed differently. Equally, a city like London needs to have the freedom to evolve and develop dynamically in a way that is appropriate for its own needs.
I do not want London to become a traditional National Park.
London should become a National Park City, a new kind of National Park with the same spirit and aims as other UK National Parks, but with its own distinct definition, classification, criteria for qualification, leadership and management.
As it stands National Park Cities do not exist. There is no international agreement or legal definition that prevents London or any other city from becoming a National Park City. The page is blank and the opportunity is enormous – all we have to do is reach out and take the opportunity to create this “new class of urban National Park”.
I call on the Mayor to consider how London could become the birthplace of a new kind of smart city, a National Park City.
Show your support for a Greater London National Park by adding your name to the petition.
Earlier this week I worked with a small team to launch a website for the Greater London National Park*. The park is officially just a *Notional Park, but it is a serious idea and their are some very good reasons why the park should be created.
I appreciate that for many people the idea of London becoming National Park is unimaginable. As well as some of the technical complications, the fact London is so urban is highly problematic for some people.
In the popular and political imaginations parks are remote, rural and wild. When I explore London I can see the ‘wild’ all around me, both in the individual animals and plants that do not recognise human theories, categories and constructs, and those that not only survive, but thrive alongside, inside and around the buildings, infrastructures and cultures that we define as urban.
The words rural and countryside do not mean an absence of human influence or management, far from it. Even those British landscapes that look most wild have been shaped by farming, grazing of game and hunting of our island’s top predators to extinction.
It may be easier to have a relationship with nature if you live in a rural than an urban place, but that does not mean it is a more important one.
Driving into a city like London I think it can be easy for the eye to be drawn toward its bright lights and tall buildings. I live in Ealing, close to Boston Manor and Brentford. When driving into London down the M4 motorway you know when you are getting close to Boston Manor because the planes for Heathrow are stacked into the distance and descending rapidly to your right. Shortly after you drive under the Heathrow branch of the Piccadilly Line the speed limit drops to 40mph and you are lifted onto a flyover that elevates you over Boston Manor, Brentford and Chiswick.
Understandably most visitors that enter London this way see big buildings that form a gateway into the city. After seeing the headquarters of GSK, large elevated car showrooms and massive adverts, many people will then look further into the distance and get their first view of iconic buildings in the distance.
Much like a drive-through being an unhealthy way to consume your food on a regular basis, this fast-moving and skyline focussed entry into the city is an unhealthy way to view, think and make decisions about how ‘wild’ London is. This is a place of woods, waterways and historic parks. The roar of the motorway may be unavoidable, but it is pierced with the sound of bird-song, adventuring families and the rush of the River Brent and its tributaries.
Yesterday I took my son on a three hour adventure alongside the M4 to experience what all of the motorway traffic does not see.
Why? We went to explore the woods, fields footpaths, towpaths and tree-tops to see woodpeckers, heron, parakeets, coot, moorhen, swans, geese, ducks, gulls, rabbits, centipedes, horses, squirrels, grey wagtails, roach, busy ant nests, worms and much more.
As well as seeing all of these animals had time to try a couple of different rope swings that we found, play several game of Poohsticks and climb some trees.
Driving down the M4 or taking the tube into London, the woods and fields that surround you are on the periphery of your view, but this marginalisation is inverted when you are exploring off-road.
Our walk ended at Boston Manor, a Jacobean manor house built in 1623 that can be found in Boston Manor Park. You can see and hear the M4 flyover spanning the park from below, but driving above you would never know of its grounds including a lake, woods and ancient cedar trees.
The shadow of this part of the M4 is a rich place to explore. A meeting place of road, rail and canal, its human presence is clearly imprinted onto the landscape. But discover this place on foot and you will soon see its engaging natural histories too. The juxtapositions of motorway, city and wildlife certainly highlights and deeply contrasts their differences, but when looking closer it is clear that wildlives are willing to live more closely with people in our cities – if only we will let them.
Do you think London could be a National Park? If so, you can show your support for the idea here.
Over the last few months I have visited all fifteen of the UK’s National Parks. Together they include mountains, meadows, moorlands, woods and wetlands, but as someone who lives and works in London I think there is a crucial habitat missing… an urban habitat.
What if London was the world’s first Urban National Park?
Britain’s built-up area physically covers around 7% of land and is home to a diverse range of (wild)life. The London Biodiversity Partnership has identified 15 different habitats in Greater London and more than 1,300 sites have been identified as being of value to wildlife (though I am sure there are many more). Casting a spot-light on amphibians and reptiles alone, nine of the thirteen species (common frogs, common toads, smooth newts, palmate newts, great crested newts, slow-worms, common lizards, grass snakes and adders) can be found within the M25. The Central London RSPB group has a list of 132 species of bird that you can find in London and if you know where to look you can find brown hares, otters and dormice too. Of course there is also an eclectic range of humans who together speak over 300 different languages along with their domestic pets and those less popular creatures including foxes, rats and pigeons.
London itself is very much a land of parks. At least 3,000 public parks, woodlands and gardens cover 140sqkm of London, but when you include private gardens and other green areas London’s total green space covers 628 sqkm or 40% of the city. In comparison to current UK National Parks at 1,572 sqkm London would be the 5th largest after the Lake District (2,292 sqkm), Snowdonia Parc Cenedlaethol Eryri (2,142 sqkm), the Yorkshire Dales (1,769 sqkm) and the South Downs (1,641 sqkm). Compared to its 628 sqkm of green space London would still be the 11th biggest.
National Parks in the UK are administered by their own National Park authorities. These are independent bodies that are funded by central government to:
- conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage; and
- promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of National Parks by the public.
There are a number of pan-London organisations working to improve the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the city and there are also organisations working hard to promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of London, but I do not think they achieve what a National Parks status would. By rethinking, reframing and replanning itself as a National Park I can imagine a wide range of possible benefits for London. These could include improvements to biodiversity, architecture, green-ways, outdoor education, accessibility, how the city markets itself to the outside world and crucially, how the city sees itself.
By reframing itself as a National Park there could be a major shift in how London and Londoners think of themselves and how those outside London imagine the city. These include London as being a:
- large archipelago of green spaces
- wild destination to be proud of… right on (y)our doorstep
- space where you have the right to roam, explore, play and learn
- place where humans are recognised as animals and part of the world’s ecosystem
- place where buildings and systems are seen as an urban habitat that is shared with other life
- city that embraces domestic and feral animals as part of a city’s innate and historic ecology
- city where large number of inhabitants recognise and enjoy their own great outdoors
In the city such an effort could change the way that the next generation thinks of and values their urban park and what can be discovered inside it. Who knows what seeing (y)our entire city as a National Park could do for its and our development, psyche and outlook.