Since April 2014 I have been campaigning with a growing number of people for a Greater London National Park City. The initiative is building momentum quickly and we are planning to publish a full proposal for the Park this June.
Understandably there are many questions. The most common of which are around definition, planning, administration and power.
Q. Can a city really be a national park?
A. No… According to the current definition a landscape must be open country. We are proposing a new kind of national park called a National Park City. The purpose of a National Park City would be very similar to rural national parks, but it would be managed in a way that would be appropriate for an urban environment and population. We are proposing that the Greater London National Park City would sit outside of current legislation and so would not have a legal designation.
Q. Would a London National Park have additional planning or statutory powers, like in rural national parks?
A. No, that’s not what we are proposing.
Q. If it does not have any statutory powers, how can it protect London’s natural heritage?
A. According to the IUCN a protected area is a “clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values”. Rural national parks are well known for their planning policies and powers, but a National Park City would not need these powers to be effective. Greater London already has an (in)affective patchwork of protected areas, many of which are older than national parks themselves. This legal protection provides a good foundation, but I am proposing that a National Park City would focus its attention on “other effective means” to achieve the long-term enhancement of nature in the city. In practice this would mean inspiring, informing and supporting Londoners to learn about and take action to improve London’s natural heritage where and when they have the time, energy and agency to do so. This would be done by working in close partnership with the organisations that are already doing incredible work across Greater London.
The IUCN currently has six categories for protected areas that classify them according to their management objectives. Cities are understandably excluded from this list of wild, remote and pristine places. They should have a seventh category for aspirational urban areas that are working not only to protect natural heritage, but to enhance and rewild it too. This would not only raise the game in cities, but act as an urban gateway to inspire future generations to care about conservation in more distant and inaccessible places.
These are just a few of the questions that will be explored at Reimagine London: What if we made London a National Park? at Southbank on February 24th 2015.
After 10 days of walking up stairs in London’s blocks of flats, skyscrapers, offices, train stations, car parks and shopping centres I have ascended the equivalent height of Mount Everest. In all I counted 52,252 steps up, putting my slightly above Everest’s 8,848m (29,029ft) peak. According to my Fitbit (that was measuring my cumulative elevation change while walking) over the 10 days I walked up 3,306 floors or 33,060 feet, the cruising height of many commercial flights.
Many thanks to Ordnance Survey for the building elevation mapping that underpinned my planning and for the Step Up Mountain calculator. Thanks too to David and Hilary (my parents) for helping to plan my routes and get permissions to access key buildings. Finally, thank you to all of the people who have given me access to so many incredible and interesting buildings over the last few days. Without your help my walk would not have been possible.
I will be writing a more detailed post that will include some of my reflections and photographs in the very near future. Until then, I hope you enjoy this short video that London Live made about the #StepUpMountain challenge / London Skyline Expedition.
I have set myself the challenge to step up to the height of Mount Everest (8848 metres / 29,035 feet) without leaving London. I plan to do this by exploring London’s skyscrapers and high-rise buildings over 10 consecutive days. I love going on adventures in London and am excited to start this big challenge.
My challenge starts on Monday (8th September) and I would love for you to join me…
The #StepUpMountain challenge is something that we can all do. Without leaving your home, office, school, neighbourhood or city you can ascend the equivalent of Ben Nevis in a day, week or month. You could aim to hike the height of Snowdon by avoiding lifts or aim to climb the height of Everest collaboratively as a team. Simply accumulate over 2,000ft (609m) and you will have stepped up to the height of the mountain.
Ordnance Survey have been helping me to plan and prepare for my #StepUpMountain challenge in London. As well as providing my with important location data and mapping, they have created us all this great calculator. Simply type in the number of steps you have taken… or plan to take… and it will tell you what you could have walked the height of. It also shows how many more steps you need to take to reach higher points. For more details on the calculator see the Ordnance Survey blog.
This is a great tool for schools and I do hope lots of young explorers join in.
Over the walk I am going to face a number of challenges. I worried about my feet for starters, but luckily the urban environment means that I will be able to wear some very comfy trainers. The number of shops nearby will mean that I can easily get food and water during the day too.
While the city may keep my energy levels fuelled, it has been very hard to get permission to access buildings. I have a few thousand feet pre-planned, but I am going to have to blag around 200 floors of elevation a day – which is going to be hard… very hard.
Technically I also need to keep track of my accumulated height. I’ll be using Ordnance Survey’s Locate App, a Garmin GPS, Fitbit and my ability to count to keep track of my progress.
My biggest challenge is my level of fitness. I’ve not tried to walk the height of Everest from sea level before… so we’ll see how it goes.
You can keep track of me and join in on Twitter using #StepUpMountain.
I hope you are up for joining in.
Here is a copy of a letter that I am sending to some of Ealing’s politicians. What do you think of the idea? Would you like Warren Farm to become Ealing’s newest and largest community woodland?
Dear Politicians of Ealing,
I live with my young family in the Ealing Southhall constituency and am very pleased by the mounting attention that has been given to Warren Farm.
This is an important, yet neglected, piece of metropolitan land and one that deserves much better use.
While the commercial football club, Queens Park Rangers, has been offered the 61 acre (24.8 hectare) site rent free for 200 years, I have an alternative suggestion. One that would create a stronger, longer and more sustainable return on investment, that would reach more of the local community and create a significant legacy for future generations.
Let’s turn Warren Farm into Ealing Wood, the largest public woodland in the borough.
As London’s newest major woodland, Ealing Wood would be a valuable space for us to explore, play and learn. It would be a place for our community to come together around recreation, conservation and education projects.
Warren Farm has a history of recreation and this tradition would be continued. The woodland would create a destination for people to explore on foot or by bike, to watch wildlife and for guides, scouts, schools and other community groups to learn and work outdoors.
The woodland would contribute to Ealing’s ‘natural health service’ with these activities having the potential to benefit our physical and mental health.
Ealing’s community woodland would provide vital green infrastructure to the capital. It would increase the city’s resilience to climate change, contribute to its sustainable urban drainage system, increase the area’s biodiversity and help us connect to nature. The Mayor of London wants to find 20 hectares of new woodland to meet London Biodiversity Action Plan targets. At nearly 25 hectares, the new Ealing Woods would achieve that and more on its own, while massively increasing the diversity, quantity and richness of life across the landscape.
The woodland would be planted and managed by the people of Ealing. In the future, the existing derelict buildings could be replaced by an education and recreation visitor centre.
As a community leased, managed and developed initiative the cost to the council would be negligible, but the benefits could be vast.
With all this in mind, I propose that for every Ealing resident who supports this idea and pledges to nurture the forest, you provide the Warren Farm site rent free for a year. The aim will be to find 500 years’ worth of supporters, enough time to grow great oaks like the ones we all enjoy in Richmond Park.
Such an effort would not only be a legacy for future generations to be proud of, but one that we can all start growing and enjoying today.
What do you say? Will you be one of the 500?
You don’t have to go to the ends of the Earth to go on an extraordinary journey.
This September I will ascend the height of a mountain by walking up stairwells in buildings. Mountain’s are anything over 2,000 feet (610 metres) in height. As most floors in buildings are 10 feet apart, this means walking up 200 floors.
For the Step Up Skyline Expedition I am challenging myself to walk the height of Mount Everest (29,029ft) by exploring London’s tallest buildings. This is a creative way to explore London’s skyline and I am looking forward to meeting people who live and work in London’s highrise communities. The walk is going to give me an entirely new perspective on London not only because of the tall vantage points, but the experience of trying to gain access to so many different kinds of buildings.
I am doing this expedition from September 8th with the support of Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s mapping authority. They are helping me find the buildings to climb, routes to take and places to explore. This geographic information is at the very heart of all the planning that we are doing. They’ve also whipped up this great mapping tool. Type in the number of steps that you have climbed and the calculator will show you on a map the name of a hill or mountain that you have ascended the equivalent height of.
You can do your own Step Up Challenge by walking the height of a mountain and you don’t even have to leave your home or school, all you need is a good staircase.
Take part by:
- walking 1 floor every day for 200 days,
- walking the height as a team. 200 people could walk 1 floor once, or
- walking the height of a named mountain.
You could walk the height of:
- Slieve Donard (850m), the highest mountain in Northern Ireland,
- Scafell Pike (912m), the highest mountain in England,
- Snowdon (1085m), the highest mountain in Wales,
- Ben Nevis (1344m), the highest mountain in Scotland, or
- something even higher!
Please connect with me on Twitter @DanRavenEllison if you are planning on doing your own Step Up Challenge during the week beginning September 8th. I would love to hear from you. We will be tweeting using the hashtag #StepUpMountain.
A few days ago I walked across London from Croydon in South London to Barnet in North London. Part of London Tree Week my aim was to pass through London’s urban forest by staying within some of the city’s most leafy wards. The route made use of the London LOOP, Capital Ring, the London Green Chain, Thames Footpath (very briefly) and the Dollis Valley Green Walk.
According to my FitBit between 5am and 10pm I walked 75km. Carrying a Canon 5D and a GoPro I took a photo every 3 seconds looking up to the tree canopy and from the photographs I made the experimental time-lapse film above. The occasional breaks that you see without any trees are open green spaces, not built-up areas. The only other break is as I cross over Battersea Bridge. Otherwise nearly every frame includes at least part of a tree.
There are over 8 million trees in London and by 2025 this will increase to 8.5 million thanks to the RE:LEAF campaign.
I walked the transect on the Friday of London’s half-term school holiday. Despite this when passing through London’s woodlands I saw deer, foxes, woodpeckers and snakes but not one single child. This echoes of the Last Child in the Woods, in which Richard Louvre “directly links the lack of nature in the lives of today’s wired generation—he calls it nature-deficit—to some of the most disturbing childhood trends, such as the rises in obesity, attention disorders, and depression”.
What does this mean for London’s future?
George Monbiot rightly proposes that we rewild our landscape. We need to rewild ourselves too and creating a Greater London National Park would be a radical step in the right direction, especially for our children.
Following my blog post last November (What if… London was a National Park?) the Greater London National Park* website was launched at the start of last month. The website both mirrors official UK National Park websites and makes the case for London becoming the world’s first National Park City, a new kind of national park.
In the 43 days since, the provocative *Notional Park has been gathering supporters and building momentum. 37 organisations are Friends of the Greater London National Park* and this number increases each day. Since the project began, nearly 350 people have signed our petition to the Mayor of London. The plan is to submit the petition to the Mayor’s office in 2015.
To my surprise the Mayor’s office replied to the petition last week.
Thank you for signing the Change.org petition about turning London into the world’s first urban National Park.
The Mayor welcomes the call for more recognition of the importance and value of London’s parks, green spaces and natural environment. He commends the campaign organisers for their inventiveness in raising awareness of this issue by calling for a Greater London National Park. The idea of a ‘National Park’ is an engaging way of sparking debate.
However, he cannot support a proposal to create a formal National Park as he understands that the evaluation framework for determining potential National Parks effectively excludes large urban areas. Furthermore, he does not have powers to ‘create’ a new class of urban National Park.
Nevertheless, the Mayor, through his London Plan policy and programmes to improve London’s park and green spaces, is providing a leadership role on this issue. In particular he has produced the All London Green Grid framework which, amongst other things, is fostering sub-regional partnerships such as the Wandle Valley Regional Park. These sub-regional partnerships have objectives consistent with those being promoted by the Greater London National Park campaign and are endorsed by London Plan policy and supported through Mayoral programmes. In addition, the All London Green Grid partnership brings together representatives from the boroughs, other land managers and environmental NGOs to ensure a more strategic, integrated approach to the management and maintenance of London’s green infrastructure.
Thank you again for contacting the Mayor.
Public Liaison Unit
Greater London Authority”
I find this response highly encouraging.
We celebrate the inspired work that is already being done across the capital and see the All London Green Grid as a fantastic framework from which a Greater London National Park would work. The potential, though, is to create a unit, department, authority or association with the power to do much more than this across a wide range of sectors, just like national parks do elsewhere in the UK.
The Mayor’s office only really gives one reason why they cannot support the idea.
“He [the Mayor] does not have powers to ‘create’ a new class of urban National Park.”
I don’t think this is right.
To be designated as a National Park by Natural England, the Park would have to meet certain (highly subjective) criteria and meet both the 1949 National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act and the 1995 Environment Act. In an international context, it would also need to be recognised by the IUCN who have their own Protected Areas Category System.
But we are not calling for London to become a traditional National Park. Being defined in the same way as traditional, remote and rural National Parks would devalue the importance of wilder parts of the planet that need to be thought about and managed differently. Equally, a city like London needs to have the freedom to evolve and develop dynamically in a way that is appropriate for its own needs.
I do not want London to become a traditional National Park.
London should become a National Park City, a new kind of National Park with the same spirit and aims as other UK National Parks, but with its own distinct definition, classification, criteria for qualification, leadership and management.
As it stands National Park Cities do not exist. There is no international agreement or legal definition that prevents London or any other city from becoming a National Park City. The page is blank and the opportunity is enormous – all we have to do is reach out and take the opportunity to create this “new class of urban National Park”.
I call on the Mayor to consider how London could become the birthplace of a new kind of smart city, a National Park City.
Show your support for a Greater London National Park by adding your name to the petition.